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The San Diego-Imperial Local Masters Swimming Committee (SI LMSC)
is a geographical division of United States Masters Swimming, Inc.
(USMS) which organizes, governs, supervises, and coordinates
masters swimming in the San Diego and Imperial Counties areas.
Masters Swimming is an international, age group swimming program
for adults.  Within the USMS Corporation, LMSCs are grouped into
eights zones.  LMSCs from SAN DIEGO-IMPERIAL (SI), Southern Pacific
Masters Association (SP), Arizona (AZ), and New Mexico (NM)
comprise the Southwest Zone.



USMS is an organization founded in 1970 which "supports and
encourages competition among its members and those of other
nations."  Member-run USMS coordinates and governs Masters Swimming
in the United States.  Adults age 18 and over are eligible to be
members of and to participate in USMS

Masters Swimmers must have a current USMS membership number to
compete or take part in USMS-sanctioned events and FINA recognized
events, to participate in many of the organized masters swim
workouts (for liability insurance coverage), and to be eligible for
National Top Ten times listings (individual and relay) and for San
Diego-Imperial, National, and World records.


USMS Membership for the San Diego-Imperial LMSC costs $35.00
(payable to "SI Masters Swimming") and is valid from Jan. 1 to Dec.
31.  USMS membership/registration for SI LMSC is handled by the ALL
SPORTS OFFICE, 1511 Morena Blvd., San Diego, CA 92110; 619-275-1292
(M-F, call for hours); e-mail "sdi-masters(at)sbcglobal(dot)net."
The membership fee is not prorated except that a reduced membership
fee is offered from September 1 through October 31 which expires on
December 31.  A new member who registers on November 1 will be
issued a membership valid for 14 months, through December 31 of the
following year.

The current USMS membership application can be found on the San
Diego-Imperial LMSC web site under the USMS Registration/Membership


Individuals aged 18 and older are eligible to become members of
USMS.  Current age groups for competition are 18-24 (the only 7
year age group), 25-29, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44, 45-49, ..., 100-104,
..., in 5 year increments as high as is necessary.  If age and
registration requirements are met, ANYONE is eligible to swim
Masters regardless of ability, speed, age, sex, or competitive
swimming background.


When registering with USMS through the San Diego-Imperial LMSC (SI
LMSC), a swimmer must declare affiliation either as "unattached"
(no club) or with a club that is a current member of SI LMSC and
USMS.  Clubs must have renewed their USMS memberships before
swimmers can represent (be affiliated with) those clubs.  In SI
LMSC, many of the following clubs with 2005 memberships will be
renewing their club memberships for 2006.  If the club has not
renewed, then swimmers listing that club on their USMS registration
will be UNATTACHED (no club affiliation).  Any swimmer planning on
competing in the FINA Masters World Championships (even numbered
years) or the FINA Masters Games (odd numbered years) must be
affiliated with a club.  Entries from unattached swimmers are not
accepted (FINA Rules); only entries from swimmers affiliated with
(attached to) a club are accepted at those meets.

USMS member CLUBS from San Diego-Imperial LMSC as of 2005:
001  San Diego Swim Masters (SDSM), Team #44_-001
002  Coronado Masters Association (CMA), Team #44_-002
003  La Jolla Cove Swim Club (LJCS), Team #44_-003
005  Heartland Swim Assn. Masters (HSAM), Team #44_-005
007  La Mesa Masters (LMM), Team #44_-007
010  Ramona Masters (RW), Team #44_-010
011  Solana Beach Swim Masters (SBSM), Team #44_-011
013  United Service Aquatics Masters (USAM), Team #44_-013
014  Carlsbad Swim Masters (CARL), Team #44_-014
022  Spartacus @ JCC (SJCC), Team #44_-022
023  Swim Smarter Masters (SSM), Team #44_-023
026  Pure Fitness-Valley Athletic Club (PF), Team #44_-026

CHANGING AFFILIATION (switching from one club to another or from
unattached to a club or vice versa):

Changing affiliation from one club to another club at
re-registration time (beginning on Nov. 1) requires NO waiting

Changing affiliation from one club to another club other than at
re-registration time requires a 60 day period of either no
competition or re-registering and competing as "unattached" (file
a change of affiliation form & $3.00 fee with the All Sports
Office, 1511 Morena Blvd, San Diego, CA 92110, 619/275-1292).
After 60 days of no competition or being re-registered as
unattached and swimming meets as unattached, a swimmer can change
affiliation to the new club by filing a "change-of-affiliation"
form (another $3.00 fee) with the All Sports Office.

A change of affiliation or transfer of club membership form can be 
found on the "REGISTRATION/MEMBERSHIP" page located at 
The link to the PDF form is under the "USMS Change of Affiliation or 
Transfer of Club Membership Form" heading.


USMS permanent identification numbers have been issued to USMS
members.  Your membership number contains a permanent ID that will
not change and a variable section which represents your LMSC code
(44 for San Diego-Imperial), the year, and a variable letter or
numerical character.  If you register in another LMSC or
re-register after a gap between registration years, please notify
the registrar that you were once a member of USMS so that your
permanent ID can be located and a valid member number issued, thus
reducing duplications and corrections. Some of the membership
numbers might be difficult to read.  The letters "O/o" and "Q/q"
are NEVER used, however the number ZERO (0) IS USED.
Unfortunately, the letter "D" sometimes looks like a zero.  The
letters "I/i" and "L/l" are NEVER used; but the number ONE (1) IS
USED.  It may be difficult to distinguish between the letter "B"
and the number eight (8), the letter "Z" and the number two "2,"
and the letter "S" and the number five "5.Ē


To thwart email address harvesting programs, many e-mail addresses
are listed with "(at)" substituted for the "@" symbol and with
"(dot)" substituted for the "." symbol.  Please substitute the "@"
and "." symbols when e-mailing.


The USMS web site contains a tremendous amount of information
including a Home Page, the National Top Ten and All American lists,
National & World Records, calendars of events, National
Championships entries, pool and open water and fitness event
entries, Places to Swim, USMS Rules and Regulations, results from
National Championships and other meets, LMSC locations, club web
addresses, forums, links, the USMS SWIMMER page, articles, stories,
and much more.


c/o USMS Executive Secretary Tracy Grilli, PO Box 185, Londonderry,
NH  03053-0185
Tel. #: 800-550-SWIM (800-550-7946) or 603-537-0203
Fax #: 603-537-0204
Hrs: Person or Voice Mail 9am-9pm Eastern STD Time
E-mail: "usms(at)usms(dot)org"

USMS SWIMMER Magazine is sent to all USMS-registered swimmers as
part of the USMS membership.


The SI LMSC Web Site is located at ""
with information on masters swimming in the San Diego and Imperial
Counties areas.  SI LMSC encourages workout groups to accept
swimmers regardless of club affiliation and to offer "drop in"
workouts to visiting masters swimmers for a "per workout" fee.

The SI LMSC Newsletter is currently mailed annually at
re-registration time.


The San Diego Swim Masters Newsletter, by $20.00 annual
subscription, is published 6-8 times per year (since 1970) for SDSM
club members, workout groups, and others who cannot access the SI
LMSC web site.  Issues contain a calendar of events, entry forms,
SI meets & open water results, SI Masters Swim Records,
information, etc.  Most of this information is available on the San
Diego-Imperial web site.


Arizona, AZ LMSC, includes all of Arizona.
Contact: AZ LMSC Chair email - ARIZChair(at)usms(dot)org
AZ LMSC web site -
Use the Arizona consolidated entry card to enter Arizona meets.

New Mexico, NM LMSC, includes all of New Mexico
Contact: NM LMSC Secretary email - NMSecretary(at)usms(dot)org
NM LMSC web site -
Use New Mexico consolidated entry card for NM masters meets.

Oregon, OR LMSC, includes Oregon (excluding Malheur County) and
Washington State Counties of Cowlitz, Skamania, Clark, and Klikitat
west of Hwy 97.
Contact: OR LMSC Chair email -
OR LMSC web site -

Pacific, PC LMSC, includes all of CA north of San Luis Obispo,
Kern, and San Bernardino Counties plus the Nevada Counties of
Humbolt, Washoe, Lyon, Storey, Mineral, Douglas, Churchill,
Pershing, Lander, and Carson City.
Contact: PC LMSC Chair email - PacificChair(at)usms(dot)org
PC LMSC web site -
Use PC consolidated entry cards to enter PC masters meets.

Pacific Northwest, PN LMSC, includes the state of Washington west
of but not including the counties of Okanogan, Chelan, Kittitas,
and Yakima and north of but not including the counties of Cowlitz,
Skamania, and Klickitat.
Contact: PN LMSC Chair email - PNAChair(at)usms(dot)org
PN LMSC web site -

Southern Pacific Masters Association), SP LMSC, includes Los
Angeles, Orange, Riverside, Santa Barbara, Ventura, San Luis
Obispo, & San Bernardino Counties in California & the Nevada
counties of Clark, Lincoln, Esmeralda, & Nye.
Contact: SP LMSC Chair email - SPMAChair(at)usms(dot)org
Contact: SPMA office c/o Julie Heather, 626/296-1841);
SPMA/Julie Heather, 957 N El Molino, Ave, Pasadena, CA 91104
SP LMSC web site -
Use SPMA consolidated entry card to enter SPMA masters meets.

Utah, UT LMSC, includes all of Utah.
Contact: UT LMSC Chair email - UtahChair(at)usms(dot)org
UT LMSC web site -


MASTERS SWIM MEET COURSES and SEASONS:  After each season, a
compilation of local top ten times is submitted to the National Top
Ten recorder.  National Top 10 Rankings and local San
Diego-Imperial records are tabulated yearly for each course.

SHORT COURSE YARDS (25 yard course) SEASON -
June 1 to the following May 31;
LONG COURSE METERS (50 meter course) SEASON -
October 1 to the following September 30; and
SHORT COURSE METERS (25 meter course) SEASON -
January 1 to December 31.

SWIMMING RULES:  The USMS Rules Book contains stroke, start, turn,
and finish rules, requirements for running meets, long distance
(including open and rough water) rules, rules for officiating,
adapted swimming rules, national/world/long distance records, and
more.  The USMS Rules Book is published yearly and is on the USMS
web site.  Proper start, stroke, turn, and finish techniques and
USMS rules are enforced at masters meets.

Book):  A "sanction" is the written approval by the LMSC allowing
a Masters event to occur.  It guarantees uniform masters swimming
standards & rules, ensures fair & equal conditions during swim
events, promotes safety & enjoyment for all swimmers, and provides
insurance coverage & national recognition of performances.  Pools
must be certified for length in each competition lane, and a
certification form must be on file.  A "recognized" event allows
both USMS-registered and non-registered swimmers to compete
together as long as an official USMS observer is present to
guarantee that USMS rules are followed and to certify times for
USMS-registered swimmer.  It is the swimmer's responsibility to
notify the LMSC Top Ten Recorder of any times to be submitted for
consideration from recognized meets.  Insurance coverage does not
apply to non-USMS-registered swimmers and is modified for
USMS-registered swimmers.

SWIMMING EVENTS:  Events offered at meets include 50, 100, 200,
400m/500yd, 800m/1000yd, and 1500m/1650yd freestyle; 50, 100, and
200 backstroke; 50, 100, and 200 breaststroke; 50, 100, and 200
butterfly; 100, 200, and 400 individual medley; 200, 400, and 800
freestyle relays; 200 and 400 medley relays.  There are a number of
different open water, long distance, and "postal" events.

NATIONAL or WORLD RECORDS:  A US Masters Age Group National Record
is the fastest, certified time swum by a USMS-registered swimmer in
a USMS sanctioned or recognized competition for all yards, short
course meters, long course meters, and specific long distance
events.  US Masters Swimming Age Group National Records are
maintained for each individual age group beginning with the 18-24
age group and for relay age groups beginning with the 18+ age
group.  A masters Age Group World Record is the fastest, verified
time by a masters swimmer of any nationality in each short course
and long course meter individual event and in the 200m medley and
200m free relay events.  Due to FINA rules, the youngest age group
for Masters Age Group individual World Records is 25-29 and for
Relay World Records is 100-119.  National or World Records shall be
documented with 3 stopwatches, semiautomatic timing with 3 buttons,
or fully automatic timing; a completed record application form;
signatures of all 3 timers; signature of the meet referee official;
pool length certification; and age verification (birth certificate
or passport).

SAN DIEGO-IMPERIAL LMSC RECORDS: Whenever an SI swimmer or relay
swims an official time faster than the listed SI LMSC record for
short course yards (25 yd course), short course meters (25 meters),
or long course meters (50 meters), the swimmer or relay team must
notify the SI LMSC Records Chair.  Contact the SI Secretary at
email address SISecretary(at)USMS(dot)org for an SI LMSC records
application form and instructions.  All swims must be done in pools
which have been certified for length.  An updated pool length
certification form must be on file or must accompany the form.
Only official times will be considered.  Additional verification of
official times may be required such as electronic split sheets.

CERTIFIED MASTERS MEET OFFICIALS:  SI Masters meet are officiated
by Referee(s), Starter(s), and Judges (Stroke, Turn, & Relay
Take-off) who have been certified by a USMS-approved certifying
body.  Officials enforce the USMS Swimming Rules to maintain
uniform, fair, and safe standards and conditions for all masters
swimmers throughout the United States and to guarantee adherence to
rules when World, National, and local Records are established or
top ten times are swum.  The SI LMSC Officials Certification
process includes a classroom clinic, an open-book exam, on-deck
training, and in-water demonstrations.  Trainees are welcome.

usually last 2-5 hours plus a 1 hour pre-meet warm-up.  USMS Rules
govern.  Events usually are "timed finals" with no penalty for not
swimming ("scratching") an event.  Entry fees are not refunded for
events not swum or events canceled due to weather or unforeseen
problems.  Some meets allow day-of-race ("deck") entry while others
do not and have a specific entry due date.  Meet officials may
request "check in" for events.  The lists of heat and lane
assignments (HEAT SHEETS) for each event are posted at the meet.
Swimmers are responsible for reporting to the starting blocks in
the proper lane for the correct event and heat.  Due to limited
pool availability, SI meets are "seeded" (swimmers are given heat
and lane assignments) based upon entry times regardless of age or
sex to allow swimmers to compete against others of comparable
speed.  The results are posted by age groups for men and women
prior to the conclusion of the meet; inform the meet director or
referee of any problems immediately.  All timecards and results are
re-checked and verified following the meet.  Final, verified SI
meet results are distributed to the proper national, regional, and
local officials.

TIMING:  USMS is "self-run."  If you expect others to time your
events, then please help time theirs.  This includes helping get
backup stopwatch times and back up electronic button times when
there is electronic timing at the meets.

SWIMMING MEET ENTRY FORMS:  For San Diego-Imperial meets, an entry
form or consolidated entry card must be completely filled out
including the entrant's full name as it appears on the USMS
registration card.  The entry form or card must be mailed by the
due date (often 7-10 days before the meet) along with the entry
fee, and a copy of the swimmer's current USMS card or foreign
registration/travel permit (required by USMS Rules).  There is an
entry limit at all Masters meets of 5 individual events per day,
however meet directors can limit the number of event to less than
5 individual events per day.  If "deck" or "day-of-race" entries
are allowed, it will be stated on the entry form; if not or if the
form states "no late entries," then entries are due postmarked by
the due date.

All swimmers competing in masters events, including
swimmers who are entered only in relay events, must fill out an
entry form and sign the liability release.  Business metered
envelopes must be received by the entry due date.  Late or
incomplete entries may be rejected.  You must bring your USMS
registration card (your "travel permit") to all meets.  Following
a meet, official times are re-checked, official meet results are
generated, and officials times are added to the SI Top Ten Times
list.  Remember, meet directors, officials, and helpers are
volunteers and are often fellow swimmers.

RELAYS:  A relay team must be composed of four members of the same
chartered club (see Representation & Club Affiliation).
"Unattached" (no club affiliation) and "one-event registered"
swimmers are ineligible to swim on relays.  One-event registration
(not available in the SI LMSC) means registration is valid only for
one specific event and affiliation is always unattached.  Relays at
SI meets are usually "entered on the day of the meet" (usually no
entry fee & no award).  Relay events include the 200, 400, & 800
freestyle relays and the 200 & 400 medley relays.  Each of the 4
members of a medley relay swims one "stroke leg" (1/4 of the total
distance) in the following order:  backstroke, breaststroke,
butterfly, & freestyle.  Each member of a freestyle relay swims
freestyle for 1/4 of the total distance.

Relay events are divided into men, women, and mixed (2 men + 2
women) by the following age groups:
1) for the 25 yard course, age groups are determined by the age of
the youngest member - 18+, 25+, 35+, 45+, 55+, 65+, 75+, 85+, ...
years (as high as necessary);

2) for 50 meter and 25 meter courses, age groups are based on the
cumulative ages of the four relay members - 72-99, 100-119,
120-159, 160-199, 200-239, 240-279, 280-319, 320-359, ... years (as
high as is necessary).

Rules for entering non-San Diego-Imperial LMSC meets vary.  Read
the specific entry form carefully.

USMS NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS REQUIRE that entries be received by a
specific entry due date usually 35 days prior to the first day of
competition.  LATE ENTRIES received after the due date are NEVER
accepted.  The meet director may establish a US Postal Service
postmark deadline 7 days prior to the "entry received by" deadline
(private/corporate/business meter postmarks will not be accepted as
proof of postmark date).  USMS individual and club registration
numbers must be submitted on the entry form along with entry times.

Entries received without a current USMS registration number or with
"NO TIME" are automatically rejected.  All competitors, including
relay members who are not otherwise competing in the meet, must
completely fill out the entry form.  A liability release must be
individually signed during check-in at the National Championship at
which time USMS registration or corresponding foreign registration
card/travel permit may be requested.

Meets held in many LMSCs require completely filling out their
consolidated entry card in order to enter their meets.  Arizona,
New Mexico, Pacific, and Southern Pacific request that you enter
their meets using their consolidated entry cards.  Consolidated
entry cards must be properly filled out, signed, and accompanied by
a legible copy of the swimmer's USMS registration card.  Due dates
are enforced when no deck or late entries are allowed.


UV Protection:  As masters swimmers, we are more likely to have
been exposed to the sun with minimal coverage, and we are at an
increased risk for skin cancer including melanoma, the most deadly
of skin cancers.  The incidence of melanoma is increasing at a
greater rate than any other cancer.  Thirteen percent (13 %) of
cases diagnosed this year are expected to result in death.  While
melanoma accounts for 5% of all skin cancers, it is responsible for
80% of deaths from skin cancer.  It is the number one cause of
cancer in women age 25-29 and the number two cause in women 30-34
(lung cancer is #1).  More men than women are diagnosed with
melanoma, however the incidence among women is increasing.

Melanoma deaths can be greatly reduced if the skin cancer is
caught in its early stages.  Visiting a dermatologist annually,
mapping the location of your moles, and monitoring your moles on a
monthly basis also increase the probability of early diagnosis.
Melanoma can be prevented or greatly reduced if one avoids
excessive exposure to the sun and "bad" sunburns and if one
protects the skin with sunscreens, clothing, and hats.  There is an
increased incidence of melanoma in adults 1) who received a bad
sunburn in childhood through the immediate post teen years, 2) who
experience chronic, unprotected exposure to the sun, and 3) who are
light skinned or have a family history of melanoma (genetic

Everyone has moles, and new ones can form at any time.  The average
number is 10-40 moles per person.  Most are smaller than the
circumference of a pencil eraser.  In the December 2004 issue of
The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), Australian
dermatologists have suggested revising the old "ABCD" mnemonic for
remembering the trouble signs to include "E."  A = symmetry; B =
Border irregularity; C = Color variation; D = Diameter greater than
6 mm or 1/4 inch; E = Evolving or changing symptoms such as itching
and tenderness, surface changes such as bleeding, and color
changes.  If you have any of the above ABCDE signs or note any
changes, get your mole checked out immediately (ASAP).

Wear sunscreen which protects you from both UV-A and UV-B rays and
is at least SPF 15.  SPF 30-45 is much better.  At least one ounce
(30ml) of sunscreen is required to properly cover exposed skin when
wearing a swimsuit.  Apply it at least 20-30 minutes before
exposure to the sun and after swimming.

Your skin isn't the only thing that needs to be protected from
sunlight, don't forget about your eyes! Use sunglasses and goggles
that absorb at least 90% of UV sunlight.


Lightening causes more deaths annually in the United States than
any other natural hazard, including blizzards, hurricanes, floods,
tornadoes, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions.  Get out of the
water at the first sign of a thunderstorm and stay out for at least
15 minutes after the last sign of thunder and lightening.


1. Most workout groups designate lanes by speed.  Ask the coach on
deck for the lane speed designations.  Choose a lane with swimmers
of your speed and notify them that you are joining the lane.  In
choosing a lap swim lane, take an empty lane if one exists,
otherwise try to join a lane with swimmers of your speed. Donít
interrupt their workout, but always notify them that you are
joining the lane during a rest interval.

2. Do not block the pace clock or the workout board while on deck.

3. Get in carefully by entering the pool feet first in a controlled
manner and stay out of the way of other swimmers.  Do not park
yourself in the middle of the wall which is where people will turn.

4. Circle or side-by-side or solo swimming:  If there are two
in a lane and circle swimming is not a pool rule, you and your lane
mate may decide to swim either side-by-side (you swim up and back
on one side of the lane) or in a circle pattern (counter clock-wise
within the lane in the U.S.).  If there are three or more in the
lane, you MUST circle swim (counter clock-wise).  Be aware that a
few countries, such as England and Australia, swim clockwise, so if
you are with one or more foreigner, make sure they understand that
circle swimming means counter clock-wise in the U.S.

5. When circle swimming, pay attention to where the other swimmers
are and to where you turn on the wall.  Be aware that you need to
angle left as you approach the wall so that you turn on or to the
left of the + or the mark in the middle of the wall while avoiding
the swimmer in front of you and so that you push off to avoid a
head-on collision with the swimmer behind you.

6. Do not take or borrow someone else's gear even if they are not
using it; get your own gear.

7.If you are joining a workout already in progress, you must do the
workout that they are doing and join in so that you are swimming
the same set and are on the same interval at exactly the same point
in the set.

8. If you need to pass a slower swimmer, gently tap the swimmer on
the foot once or twice so that they know you have caught them and
want to pass; then pass on the left.  Slower swimmers need to allow
faster swimmers to pass.   If you are being passed at a turn,
briefly stop (to the right of the lane) and allow the swimmer to
pass and turn before you push off.  Anytime you need to stop, do it
at a wall, not in the middle of the pool, and squeeze yourself as
far into the corner (right side as you are approaching the wall) as
possible to allow other swimmers room to turn or finish.

9.  In a crowded lane with more than three people during a set, be
sure to allow wall space for the person behind you to touch.
Unless you are the leader, you may need to touch and move to the
center of the lane to allow the swimmers behind you to finish at
the wall.

Last Updated Nov 8, 2005

SI LMSC: masters(AT)simasterswim(DOT)org.
Please feel free to send your comments or questions.
Copyright (c) 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 nsk

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